River Catchment is located in the north-eastern wheatbelt of Western
Australia within the Yilgarn sub-catchment of the Swan-Avon River Basin.
Since clearing of trees and scrub began in the catchment in the early 1900’s to make way for the production of annual crops and pastures, broad scale wheat and sheep farming operations have been developed to the extent that less than 10% of the original native vegetation has survived.
In 1985, the Western Australian Department of Agriculture developed 30 shallow bores (piezometers) in the Beacon River Catchment. Monitoring of those bores over time has created an awareness of rising groundwaters in the lower reaches of parts of the catchment. The extreme rainfall events experienced in 1999 - 2000 caused serious flooding and water logging and death of vegetation. Investigation of the need for engineering intervention resulted in the development of The Beacon River Catchment Salinity Management Project.